||Recent advances and future trends of riboswitches: attractive regulatory tools
||Sinumvayo Jean Paul*, Zhao Chunhua, and Tuyishime Philibert.
||World J Microbiol Biotechnol
||Bacterial genomes contain a huge amount of different genes. These genes are spatiotemporally expressed to accomplish some required functions within the organism. Inside the cell, any step of gene expression may be modulated at four possible places such as transcription initiation, translation regulation, mRNA stability and protein stability. To achieve this, there is a necessity of strong regulators either natural or synthetic which can fine-tune gene expression regarding the required function. In recent years, riboswitches as metabolite responsive control elements residing in the untranslated regions of certain messenger RNAs, have been known to control gene expression at transcription or translation level. Importantly, these control elements do not prescribe the involvement of protein factors for metabolite binding. However, they own their particular properties to sense intramolecular metabolites (ligands). Herein, we highlighted current important bacterial riboswitches, their applications to support genetic control, ligand-binding domain mechanisms and current progress in synthetic riboswitches.
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