当前位置:首页 > 科研成果 > 本所论文
论文题目: CMV2b-Dependent Regulation of Host Defense Pathways in the Context of Viral Infection
作者: Zhao Jian-Hua*, Liu Xiao-Lan, Fang Yuan-Yuan, Fang Rong-Xiang, and Guo Hui-Shan*.
联系作者:
刊物名称: Viruses
期: 11
卷: 10
页:
年份: 2018
影响因子: 3.737
论文下载: 下载地址
摘要: RNA silencing (or RNA interference, RNAi) plays direct roles in plant host defenses against viruses. Viruses encode suppressors of RNAi (VSRs) to counteract host antiviral defenses. The generation of transgenic plants expressing VSRs facilitates the understanding of the mechanisms of VSR-mediated interference with the endogenous silencing pathway. However, studying VSRs independent of other viral components simplifies the complex roles of VSRs during natural viral infection. While suppression of transgene silencing by the VSR 2b protein encoded by cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) requires 2b-small RNA (sRNA) binding activity, suppression of host antiviral defenses requires the binding activity of both sRNAs and AGOs proteins. This study, aimed to understand the functions of 2b in the context of CMV infection; thus, we performed genome-wide analyses of differential DNA methylation regions among wild-type CMV-infected, CMVDelta2b-infected, and 2b-transgenic Arabidopsis plants. These analyses, together with transcriptome sequencing and RT-qPCR analyses, show that while the majority of induced genes in 2b-transgenic plants were involved in extensive metabolic pathways, CMV-infection 2b-dependent induced genes were enriched in plant immunity pathways, including salicylic acid (SA) signaling. Together with infection with CMV mutants that expressed the 2b functional domains of sRNA or AGO binding, our data demonstrate that CMV-accelerated SA signaling depends on 2b-sRNA binding activity which is also responsible for virulence.
  • 联系我们
  • 北京市朝阳区北辰西路1号院3号 100101
    86-10-64807462
    office@im.ac.cn